Bladder Cancer

Transitional cell carcinoma (also called urothelial carcinoma)

  • urothelial cells that line the bladder
  • noninvasive flat carcinoma and noninvasive papillary carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma

  • 1-2% of bladder cancers
  • originate from cells that line the bladder
  • invasive

 

Adenocarcinoma

  • less than 1% of bladder cancers
  • originating from duct or gland-like tissues
  • invasive

 

Small cell carcinomas

  • less than 1% of bladder cancers
  • rare and highly aggressive

 

Manifestations

  1. gross and microscopic hematuria
  2. Urinary frequency
  3. Urinary Urgency
  4. Dysuria

Treatment:

  1. Edoscopic resection for superficial lesions
  2. Cystectomy and resection of pelvic lymph nodes
  3. Electrocautery – Diathermy
  4. radiation
  5. chemotherapy
  6. immunotherapy – instilled directly in the bladder

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