Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx and surrounding mucous membranes.

Manifestations:

  • Pain and Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the larynx,
  • Loss of Voice – hoarseness
  • coughing

Etiology:

  • viral, bacterial or fungal infection
  • physical trauma to the throat of neck or overuse of the vocal cords
  • excessive coughing, smoking, or alcohol consumption

Treatment and Management

  1. Treatment of pathogen by antifungal or, antibacterial agents
  2.  Reduction of high-impact stress to the vocal cords caused by loud, frequent, and high-pitched voicing is recommended
  3. If laryngitis is due to gastroesophageal reflux: The patient may be instructed to take a GERD treating agents for a period of 4-6 weeks.
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