Inclination of the head to affected side in which sternocleidomastoid muscle is contracted.
A stiff neck caused by spasms of the neck muscles drawing the head to one side with the chin pointed to the other side. a condition of twisting of the neck that causes the head to rotate and tilt on an angle.
may be congenital or acquired.
- Unclear in Congenital muscular torticollis results when the sterno-mastoid muscle (ie, the strap that runs from beneath the angle of the jaw to the base of the neck above the collar bone) is shortened or tightened on one side.
- Birth trauma or intrauterine malposition is also considered to cause damage to the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the neck. This results in a shortening or excessive contraction of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, often with limited range of motion in both rotation and lateral bending. The head is typically tilted in lateral bending toward the affected muscle and rotated toward the opposite side.
1) Low-impact exercise to increase strong form neck stability. Gentle range of motion exercises
2) Chiropractic manipulation of the neck.
3) Extended heat application.
6) Neck brace support or immobilization
Perry, A, G, Potter, P, A, Ross-Kerr, J, C and Wood, M, J. 2006. Canadian fundamentals of nursing. 3rded. Toronto: Elselvier