- A cerebral concussion after a head injury presents as a temporary loss of neurologic function with no apparent structural damage.
- generally involves a period of unconsciousness lasting a few seconds to a few minutes.
- brain jarring may be so slight as to cause only dizziness and spots before the eyes
- brain jarring may also be of the severity to cause complete loss of consciousness for a time.
- If the frontal lobe of the brain is affected the patient may exhibit bizarre irrational behavior.
- If the temporal lobe of the brain is affected the patient may become temporarily disoriented or have temporary amnesia.
hospital observation for the following:
Presence of the following symptoms indicate postconcussion syndrome
Discharged with family observation for the following which may indicate secondary brain injury due to intracranial bleeding or inflammation:
- Difficulty awakening
- Difficulty speaking
- Severe headache
- Weakness of one side of the body
Concussion was once thought to be a minor head injury with significant sequelae. However it is now known that residual effects occur such as:
- including headaches
- personality and behavioral changes
- attention deficits
- difficulty with memory
- disruption in work habits
Postconcussion Syndrome (PCS)$ may persist for more than 6 months.
Bare, Brenda, Day, Rene, A, Paul, Pauline, Smeltzer, Suzanne, C, and Williams, Bev. 2007. Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. 1st Candaian ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. p. 1923-1924.