Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) or Type II diabetes

A condition which the body’s cells decrease or stop responding to insulin altogether.

Insulin allows the body to store excess blood glucose after a meal in the form of glycogen. Later, when blood sugar begins to drop, the stored sugar is then released back into the bloodstream to maintain blood glucose within normal ranges.

In cases where the blood glucose levels are continuously maintained by a diet rich in foods of high sugar content, the body begins not to need to store glucose, and the use of insulin to store glucose decreases. The body begins to become resistant to insulin. 

Symptoms:

  • polyuria (excessive passing of urine)
  • polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • central abdominal obesity
  • hypertriglyceremia (high blood sugar)
  • insulin resistance
  • high blood pressure

Treatment:

  • diet
  • weight reduction
  • exercise
  • insulin or hypoglycemic agents

Martini, Fredric, H. 2006. Fundamentals of anatomy and physiology. 7th ed. Pearson Education Inc. USA.

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