A condition also known as periodic breathing.
A respiration pattern marked by rhythmic changes in breathing depth.
It is characterized by oscillation of ventilation between apnea (a period of no breathing) and tachypnea (a period of rapid breathing)
The pattern occurs every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
- heart failure
- strokes affecting the brain’s respiratory center
- brain tumor invading and impairing the respiratory center
- brain damage affecting the respiratory center of the brain
- appears in premature infants where the respiratory center is not yet fully developed
- as a result of carbon-monoxide poisoning
- may occur after morphine administration
- may occur during methadone conversion
- palliative patients near end-of-life
Chabner, Davi-Ellen. 2007. The Language of Medicine. 8th ed. Saunders Elsevier, Missouri