The Brain

cerebrum – the largest part of the brain and is the center of learning, voluntary movement and the interpretation of sensation.

 cerebellum– part of the brain below the back of the cerebrum. It regulates balance, posture, movement, and muscle coordination

corpora quadrigeminaFour superior lobes of the midbrain concerned with visual and auditory functions.

 corpus callosum – a larage bundle of nerve fibers that connet the left and right

cerebral hemispheres

diencephalonsThe posterior part of the forebrain that connects the midbrain with the cerebral hemispheres, encloses the third ventricle, and contains the thalamus and hypothalamus

hypothalamus– The part of the brain that lies below the thalamus functioning to regulate bodily temperature, certain metabolic processes and other autonomic activities.

medulla oblongataThe lowermost portion of the vertebrate brain, continuous with the spinal cord, responsible for the control of respiration, circulation, and certain other bodily functions.

Chabner, Davi-Ellen. 2007. The Language of Medicine. 8th ed. Saunders Elsevier, Missouri

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