Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease affecting the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland becomes enlarged. Hyperthyroidism symptoms are the result.
- tachycardia (increased heart rate)
- hypotonia (decreased muscle tone)
- distrupted sleep pattern
- relatedness factors in predispostion to the disease
- an identical twin has a 25% chance of developing the disease if their twin is affected.
- antithyroid medications such as carbimazole or methimazole and propylthiouracil may be used to decreased thyroid activity and control hyperthyroid symptoms
- surgical removal of part of the thyroid gland may be performed to decreased thyroid activity
- Thyroid Foundation of Canada. 2009. Health Guides on Thyroid Diseases. Retrived may 29, 200 from http://www.thyroid.ca/Guides/HG06.html